The last five decades have seen a proliferation of legal instruments related to the environment, ranging from treaties to national legislation to constitutional provisions to municipal regulations.  Yet ecosystems and natural resources continue to decline at an alarming rate, while environmental challenges such as climate change and species loss accelerate.  The expansive legal framework we have developed to ensure environmental sustainability is not meeting the ever-growing challenge.  This raises questions of implementation and effectiveness of law and governance structures in the environmental context.

As part of the Natural Resources Governance Framework, IUCN has developed a set of tools and resources for assessing and improving legal aspects of natural resources governance.  These tools include:

Building on these resources, we have created a community of researchers and practitioners to use, share and contribute to these materials.

You can join this community by:

  • registering on this site
  • using the framework to create and contribute a case study
  • ELCSecretariat [at] (contacting us) with any thoughts, questions, ideas, or additional resources to share


Help build a global repository of case studies on environmental legal effectiveness.

Achieving a sustainable future is one of the most urgent challenges of our time. With fundamental shifts in how we govern and manage our ecosystems and natural resources, we can...