The principle of participation is a key governance principle that is highly relevant for conservation and sustainability.  Participation is essential for ensuring accountability.  Principle 10 of the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development states that environmental issues “are best handled with the participation of all concerned citizens, at the relevant level” and that each individual should have “the opportunity to participate in decision-making processes.”  The participation principle is elaborated in the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters.   Participation is an essential factor in accountability, legitimacy and rule of law.


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Case studies


  • Accountability for Natural Resource Governance and Sustainable Development

    Constanza Martinez